Artificial intelligence may be frightening, but it is the very thing that will enable the city of tomorrow to respond to urban social functions, without impacting the environment. Thanks to this giant wave of innovation that is AI, city dwellers are accessing housing, work, recreation, education, shopping, and healthcare over very short distances. At lower costs, the occupants of a smart building benefit from optimal living comfort in a networked territory, where connected installations promote electricity and water savings. So how will artificial intelligence affect the design of future buildings and, by extension, your daily life in the years to come?
Artificial intelligence and smart building: what links?
The intelligent building must transform a “classic” building into a structure equipped with cognitive systems and connected equipment. It aims to push the limits of performance, economy, autonomy, protection and sustainability to the maximum, with a view to contributing to the well-being of residents, both individually and collectively.
The omnipresence of sensors on a smart building contributes to :
- collect data in situ, live and 24 hours a day;
- transmit and store this information securely;
- process them through analysis, reconciliation and comparison;
- Facilitate the monitoring of energy consumption of homes and businesses;
- automate certain tasks and encourage internal mobility.
The contribution of AI to an intelligent and more responsible building
The main challenge of smart building is to reconcile the concepts of intelligent building and sustainable development. In other words, intelligent building and IoT form a complementary and almost inseparable duo, to optimize land use, via the evolution of technologies. Some of the most common uses ofAI include:
- The algorithms automatically parameterize the energy models of residential blocks and neighborhoods;
- The home automation system regulates the temperature according to the time of presence in each room;
- The systems continuously monitor the indoor air quality and adapt the ventilation to the climatic conditions;
- Electricity meters are becoming full-fledged actors in the security of buildings, with their automatic alerts in the event of an outage.
- The sensors detect in real time water, electricity and gas leaks or smoke and pollutant particles.