The “smart building” has been evolving for about ten years now thanks to automation and the implementation of connected devices: the smart building and its architecture The innovative technology gradually transforms buildings and their environment in accordance with societal and ecological rules. The technology becomes established over time and long-term savings are achieved.
Smart Building: automation for buildings and the environment
The Internet of Things uses smart technologies in industry to improve productivity and launch complex operations. Implemented more recently in residential buildings, the IoT allows the transmission of information to
- control lighting,
- increase security,
- self-regulate the environment,
- perform various operations to meet the needs of the occupants.
To enable the implementation of these new techniques, companies are training professionals within their structure who are specialized in the monitoring and predictive maintenance of sensors and connected devices. These allow the building to self-regulate and manage its parameters automatically, such as with the use of sensors for temperature, carbon dioxide, cooling demand or natural light.
Faced with these new uses, new management tools are appearing with many advantages: the data infrastructure is being modernized and smart management solutions are opening up more attractive prospects. The aim is to make buildings more sustainable and efficient: sensors provide essential data in real time.
The connected building equips each room: control is carried out on individual lights as well as on the central heating or air conditioning of the building.
Facility management in transformation: what role for new technologies like IoT?
The Internet of Things, through integrated solutions, allows the mechanization of many systems and its efficiency is perceptible at various levels. The advantages are undeniable. In industry, this translates into better productivity. In the private sector, it guarantees savings and improved well-being for users thanks, for example, to the mechanisation of ventilation systems and renewable energy heating systems that allow the ideal temperature to be obtained according to need.
Dedicated to the maintenance and monitoring of integrated systems, the facility manager’s mission is to monitor an industrial or commercial site by managing smart solutions and connected devices. This technician is responsible for enforcing health and safety standards, ensuring proper cost allocation and maintaining a good working environment.
Other professions will support it, such as the HVAC maintenance technician (Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning) and the energy efficiency engineer (responsible for lowering energy costs through renewable energy and advanced technology). The challenge is to control the management of energy consumption by controlling lighting, heating and air conditioning, but also to increase the comfort and safety of building occupants.