The concept of smart building becomes fundamental in the construction of new buildings. The construction industry knows that technology can help them in the areas of predictive maintenance and safety related to accidental risks or voluntary actions.
Innovation is at the heart of smart building. It is the one that initiates the interaction between digital tools and services to reduce energy consumption or environmental impact. This is a major asset for cities that know how to exploit the uses of these new systems!
IoT at the heart of the construction of smart city buildings
The Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming an issue in modern construction. Faced with the growing demand of users and operators, building actors must now include artificial intelligence in their new buildings.
We talk about smart building IoT This means the Internet of Things in buildings or offices. On a larger scale, we speak of a “smart city”, or a city that is smart, connected and responsive, capable of automating the management of water, public lighting, car parks or public buildings.
These smart cities use technologies in buildings to improve the comfort or safety of users or inhabitants by optimizing the use of energy, resources, comfort and safety elements to make life easier for citizens. Each smart building is connected to a network forming a “smart grid“, a connected network established at the design stage. A smart city integrating in particular the smart building is also called smart city excels in:
- communication technologies,
- resource management,
- system maintenance,
- urban mobility,
- infrastructure equipment.
To succeed in the challenge of connectivity, these smart cities require technological elements to guarantee interaction within the network. Each structure itself has sensors to improve comfort (heating, air conditioning), lighting or security (opening and movement detectors, etc.). The elements are permanently connected in order to weave and inform the network, and then implement the necessary corrective actions.
Thus, the smart building uses sensors which are thought out and included in the design of buildings, during the BIM, a new generation conceptualization model entirely virtual.
Smart Building: more efficiency thanks to data and BIM
BIM (Building Information Modeling) is a digital model made for a construction project. It is a way to evaluate the functioning of the equipment from the design of the smart building. The sensors are judiciously placed by life sector. All the important information is brought back thanks to the data which synthesizes all the data to be able to adjust the various parameters. Users are the primary beneficiaries.
For example, data feedback in office buildings allows for a more serene work environment for employees with free adjustment of lighting or temperature.
A smart building conceptualized by a BIM allows us to anticipate future energy needs, while at the same time responding perfectly to a strategy of environmental sustainability and ethical consumption of resources. As we mentioned, data can be involved from the design stage. Indeed, beacons or sensors can be placed in building materials to allow the deployment of these new technologies in smart buildings.