If the smart city is at the heart of the change towards an ecosystem logic, this process cannot be achieved without the use of open data and data governance. Smart cities and territories are at the center of environmental, societal and economic concerns and challenges, which requires initiatives and investments in technical, human and financial. So what real vision does data governance hold and what promise does it hold for the near and distant future?
Data governance at the heart of smart city issues
In the same way that the digital world has revolutionized the organizational modes of the smart city, the examples of governance show how it tends to renew the relationships between the different actors of life in society.
With the constant evolution of technologies and field experiments, and thanks to the omnipresence of connected sensors in our uses, the world of data contributes to :
- to strengthen the solidarity of citizens, elected officials and their ecological organizations, with regard to decision-making on the transformation of the smart city;
- Opting for adaptive solutions and sustainable development services, in line with the resilience goals of the smart city;
- facilitate the control and maintenance of water, electricity, gas and communication networks;
- optimize public transport infrastructure and parking facilities.
How to control and enhance data, while respecting the privacy of citizens?
It seems difficult today not to be concerned by the opening of data, as the management systems of the territory and the technologies are articulated around this strategic issue.
Nevertheless, from the point of view of the smart city with its customized transport and mobility, from the smart city and its water management, or the smart city and its desire to to lower energy costs, progress does not necessarily mean intruding into the lives of city dwellers.
Indeed, it is above all a search for collaboration between public actors, companies and private organizations, with the aim of putting artificial intelligence to good use for the well-being of all.
It should be noted that the data are not in no case communicable when they infringe on the protection of privacy, medical secrecy, the rights of intellectual property, industrial and commercial secrecy, national defense secrecy, state security, public safety, personal safety, and the security of government information systems.