On August 17, 2015, the law on the energy transition for green growth was enacted as part of a European policy. This law of action and mobilization commits the entire country to establish a range of tools and measures to accelerate this transition through all the players in the territory, whether citizens, businesses or public authorities. This law has four main objectives: to consume better by saving energy, to produce differently by preserving the environment, to help society progress thanks to mobilizing projects and finally to create jobs in sectors of the future such as construction. In this context of a race for competitiveness for industries, the development and increasing integration of Smart Energy is a way to take this path towards the energy transition, by proposing a more efficient, progressive and responsible vision of the way energy is consumed in the territories today.
How does smart energy lead to the energy and ecological transition?
One of the main objectives of the energy transition is therefore to reduce the overall ecological impact. It is important to note that more than half of the energy produced today comes from
80% on fossil fuels such as oil, coal and natural gas. However, these fossil resources are not inexhaustible and their combustion generates greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, which are responsible for global warming.
But not only that. Coal-fired power plants, for example, emit fine particles, while gas-fired plants emit methane. Not to mention the toxicity of the waste from nuclear power plants in addition to their massive water consumption.
And the same is true for renewable energies. It is no secret that energy production pollutes and is the main source of greenhouse gas emissions in the world. It is even responsible for 35% of emissions, ahead of industry and transport.
However, with the integration of its network of new technologies, smart energy makes it possible to modify the processes of energy production and consumption in order to reduce this pollution and consumption of resources. In this context, the energy transition is then qualified as “energy and ecological transition”, because it allows to reduce the environmental impact of territories and industry.
IoT for better energy management
The energy transition is taking advantage of the digital revolution brought about by the IoT in particular to put disruptive innovative technologies at the service of smart energy. Indeed, digital technologies are essential to shape the energy and ecological transition.
The development of innovative services for the management of building consumption in the city makes it possible to learn every day about consumer behaviour and usage and to improve energy efficiency through smart energy.
What are the peaks and troughs of consumption? Should the heating level be lowered or raised at certain times? If so, which ones? By being at the heart of a smart grid, the IoT makes it possible to track this information.
All the answers to these uses of electricity in the city and in buildings represent key competitive advantages for industries, as they allow them to optimize energy consumption while reducing costs.
The implementation of these solutions certainly represents a cost for the cities, but it is above all a profitable investment in the long term. Even to the point of “earning” money by saving on the usual daily energy losses.
Another undeniable advantage of the IoT is that consumers become actors in this energy transition. This investment by users appears to be a real catalyst for best practices in energy management thanks to the IoT.